Adolf Hitler's uniforms

  1. World War I uniform
  2. NSDAP uniform
  3. Field grey wartime uniform


In August 1914, at the start of the first World War, Adolf Hitler requested to be enlisted in the Bavarian army and served in France and Belgium for the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 16 (1st Company of the List Regiment) for the entire war. After the first battle of Ypres in October 1914, Hitler was promoted from Sch├╝tze to Gefreiter (the equivalent of a lance corporal, a rank between private and corporal, the only rank to which an enlisted soldier could be promoted). He then was assigned to be a regimental message-runner.

In 1914, the uniforms of the German Army had not changed much since the 19th Century. In 1910, the field uniform was modernized: its color went from blue to field grey, but the rank insignia for officers and non-commissioned officers remained unchanged. After the start of the war, the German High Command realized that the pre-war uniform standards could not be maintained, and simplifications were made in 1915.


In the early days of the NSDAP, there was no standard uniform and members of the party often wore paramilitary uniforms, particularly the SA brown shirt during party rallies. Gradually, the party organization was improved and the first official uniforms were created around 1930. They would include a brown shirt or vest along with brown trousers and various insignias. In 1932, new regulations introduced braided shoulder boards and collar rank insignias. After the Machtergreifung (Hitler's access to power) and especially in 1934, a major reorganization occurred and different levels were created among the party: